What is Bitcoin?
Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that was created in 2009 by an unknown individual or group of individuals using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. It allows for peer-to-peer transactions without the need for a central authority or bank.
Bitcoin is based on a decentralized ledger technology called the blockchain, which stores a record of all transactions. This ledger is secured through cryptography, which makes it nearly impossible to falsify or alter.
One of the key features of Bitcoin is that it is decentralized, meaning that it is not controlled by any government or financial institution. Instead, it relies on a network of computers around the world to validate transactions and maintain the integrity of the network.
Bitcoin can be used to purchase goods and services from merchants who accept it, or it can be traded on cryptocurrency exchanges for other currencies, such as US dollars or euros.
The value of Bitcoin is determined by supply and demand on exchanges, and it has been known to be volatile. In the past, it has experienced significant price fluctuations, and its long-term value remains uncertain.
Despite its uncertain nature, Bitcoin has gained a lot of attention and adoption, and it remains a popular and controversial topic in the world of finance and technology.